Archive for November, 2009

What is Collaborative Knowledge Management and CKM

November 30, 2009

In our world, we have to be old in the industry to believe the computer age and many researchers, we went heading for the information society and knowledge age, but there are many people who say we are already there. With the ever-growing technology, we reach a point where the machines are not the majority of thinking and the people working on the common knowledge of this thinking.

There is no real definition of the collaborative> Knowledge management, or SRS. But you can think of CKM as a process in which organizations generate knowledge and value from their intellectual property. When you generate value from these assets, you have this with your employees to share departments, and even the competition in other companies, to the best practices from that knowledge to develop in order.

We can also provide collaborative knowledge management as each tool that the team supportsMembers and exchange of information that can contribute to the knowledge base. Basically, what goes beyond the fact everyone needs everyone to make any kind of profit in this world and that is all as a collaborative knowledge management.

For example, a company has researched a new product that they want to create. They are a company of ideas, but to make money, need to get away from this product, they are the people whohave the materials to create a product, they would have with the designers who would take the material and actually develop the product, and they had the marketing people to market and sell the product would also include. This is not even mentioning the lawyers and business people to get you to a patent.

This is an example of collaborative knowledge management. This company has taken its knowledge and together withnumber of various other organizations in order to give that knowledge is a value for the group as a whole, because everyone would make a profit. This type of management happens every day use but in today's technology, business-people who try, the real idea about the collaborative knowledge management and the installation of a software product to do that would be practical and workable. Placed in other words, they try to access a value to this idea that setsValues on every other idea of knowledge. If there is a way to make money, it does not matter how many layers you make an idea how long it has the potential of value.


Knowledge Management & E-Learning

November 30, 2009

SCG Knowledge Management and E-Learning Presentation

Residential Property Management Explained

November 30, 2009

The basic advantage of residential property management is the knowledge of the local market to improve, since it is difficult for the owner of the property ownership to obtain. You can improve your investment in real estate values through the recruitment of some residential property management company, as the owner the cost fluctuations that occur as naturally in the market, or if you can not identify these problems deliberately. A residential property manager is to invest resources for you if you;He can instruct you to be right, what should be appropriate pricing for the marketing trends.

Normally the real estate investors are not well recognized by all database tools and fluctuating exchange market rental properties. For example, a residential property management company would have direct access to all necessary information on the prices per square meter or per yard.

The companies are good, so you know all the details, if the leaseplaced in the market, through its rental per month and what are the current market interest rates on the value of location and residential properties.

If you receive tips good advice from experienced, residential property management company that you would highly benefit obtained by investing the equivalent amount in accordance with the marketing value of your residential property. A residential property management is well equipped with all types of databaseInformation, the assessment of the place where the residence is located.

Housing and property management plays a crucial role in the marketing of the residential property as appropriate. An owner also receives benefits from the professional advice of the residential real estate manager in relation to the proper market rates and fees. A residential property management company is a major support for investors who want to remotely manage its properties, he can hire some professional residential property managers to help you manage all of your questions Features.

If a residential real estate investor wants to buy a few things the manager can help in assessing the property as well as the maintenance of all tenant relations. It is time to work requires managing your listings and to invest according to the current marketing area, so you can increase the value of your property up to local code standards.

A residential property> Management company is very helpful, what a timely response, monitoring services and service offerings in line with the requirements. Because the property is not well known owner or investor with the right channels of information, may be the knowledge of marketing trends and upgrade to the changing times. Therefore, it would be better, some property managers, who always used in conjunction with marketing distributors hire, knowledge of all the basicRequirements for the maintenance of residential property.

As property managers valuable status in the market, and has the full knowledge of the rental price adjustments than the simple investor. It is recommended that some well-known residential property management company is chosen, you can not correct all of your properties are made available at the profitability of the investment in question, which helps all questions risky for investors.

To understand how Cross-Cultural Analysis

November 29, 2009

Cross-cultural analysis could understand a very confusing field with many different viewpoints, goals and concepts. The origins of cross-cultural analysis in the 19 Century world of colonialism, was firmly in the concept of cultural evolution, which claims that all societies progress, founded by an identical number of different stages of development.

The origin of the word culture comes from the Latin verb colere = "tend to protect, maintain, up." This concept is a human rightconstructed as a product of nature. The use of the English word meaning "culture through education" is first recorded in 1510th Understanding the use of the word, "the intellectual side of civilization" is from 1805, is that of "collective customs and achievements of a people" of 1867. The term culture shock was first used in 1940.

How does one define culture?

There are literally hundreds of different definitions as writers have tried to provideall-encompassing definition.

Culture consists of language, ideas, beliefs, customs, taboos, codes, institutions, instruments, techniques, art, rituals, ceremonies and symbols. It plays a crucial role in human evolution plays, so that people, the environment for their own purposes and to adapt not only to natural selection to adaptive success depends. Every human society has its own culture, or socio-cultural system. (Adapted from the source: EncyclopaediaBritannica)

In general, culture is seen as consisting of three elements:

Values – Values are ideas about what is important in life than to say.
Standards – standards consist of expectations of how people should behave in different situations.
Artifacts – things, or material culture – culture reflects the values and norms, but are tangible and manufactured by humans.

Origin and evolution ofCross-cultural analysis
The first cross-cultural analysis was done in the West have been identified by anthropologists such as Edward Tylor and Lewis H Morgan in the 19th Century. Anthropology has come a long way after since the belief in a gradual rise from lower levels of savagery to civilization, of Victorian England for nothing. Today, the concept of "culture" is to argue in part a reaction against such former Western concepts and anthropologists that culture is "humanNature, "and that all people have the capacity to classify experiences, encode classifications symbolically, and communicate more such abstractions to others.

In general, anthropologists and social scientists tend to human beings and human behavior among exotic peoples and cultures in distant places and not field research study with a white collar educated adults in modern cities. Advances in communications and technology and socio-political changes that began the transformation of the modern workplace, yetThere were no guidelines for the research to help people to interact with other people from other cultures. To close this gap was the discipline of cross-cultural analysis and intercultural communication. To consider the major theories of intercultural communication in the fields of anthropology, sociology, psychology and communication and the value differences between cultures. Edward T. Hall, Geert Hofstede, Fons Trompenaars, Shalom Schwartz and Clifford Geertz, some of the most importantParticipants in this field.

How to study the social sciences and to analyze Culture

Cultural anthropologists focus on symbolic culture whereas archaeologists focus on material and intangible culture. Sociobiologists study to explain instinctive behavior in the experiment, the similarities and the differences between the cultures. They believe that human behavior can not be satisfactorily explained exclusively by "cultural", "environment" or "ethnic" factors. Some sociobiologiststrying to understand the many aspects of culture in relation to the concept of the meme, first introduced in 1976 by Richard Dawkins in his book The Selfish Gene. Dawkins points to the existence of units of culture – meme – somewhat analogous to genes in evolutionary biology. Although this view has gained some popular currency, other anthropologists generally reject it.

Different types of Cross-Cultural Comparison Methods

Today there are many types of cross-culturalComparisons. One method is the comparison of case studies. Controlled comparison between the variants of a common derivation is another form of comparison. In general, anthropologists and other social scientists in favor of the third kind called Cross-cultural studies, used the field data from many societies to examine the extent of human behavior and to test hypotheses about human behavior and culture.

Controlled comparison study, the similar characteristics of a few companies, while cross-cultural studiesused a sufficiently large sample, the statistical analysis can be made to show relationships or the lack of relationships between certain properties in question. The anthropological method of analysis holocultural or worldwide cross-cultural analysis is to test or develop a set, with the statistical analysis of data read on a sample of ten or more and not societies from three or more regions of the world. In this procedure, the cultural characteristics of the context are takenthe whole culture and with cultural characteristics across different cultures in relation to patterns of regularities and differences within the broad basis of the study determined.

Objectives of the intercultural analysis

Intercultural Communication and Intercultural Communication examines how people are trying out different cultural backgrounds to communicate. He also tried to help some guidelines that people from different cultures to produce better communicate with each otherother.

Culture has an explanatory function for the members of a group that shares in this particular culture. Although all members of a group or society, their culture, expressions of culture may share resulting from the conduct of the individual personality, upbringing and life experience, significantly amended. Cross-cultural analysis aims at harnessing this useful function of culture as a tool to enhance human adaptation and improvement ofCommunication.

Cross-cultural management is seen as a discipline of international management focusing on cultural encounters, the handling of tools, is seen to explore cultural differences as a source of conflict or misunderstanding.

As lay people see culture

It is a tremendous challenge, the results of the studies and works to mediate and discuss cross-cultural issues in different contexts such as corporate culture, workplace and culture amongcultural competence, rather than lay people, the word "culture" should be used for something refined, artistic, and refer only to a certain group of "artists" who in a separate area than ordinary people in the workplace function. Some typical references to culture:

Culture is the section in the newspaper, where they review theater, dance or write book reviews, etc.

Culture is what parents and grandparents to teach their children to teach their grandchildren.

"You do not have anyCulture is what people say if you put your feet on the table at lunch or on a spit in front of guests.

"They just have a different culture," people say about those whose behavior they do not understand, but to endure.

Various models of intercultural analysis

There are many models of cross-cultural analysis is currently valid. The "iceberg" and the "onion" models are widely known. The popular 'iceberg model' of culture developed by Selfridgeand Sokolik, 1975, WL French, CH Bell in 1979, identifies a visible area, consisting of behavior or dress or symbols and artifacts in any form and scale of values or an invisible level.

The attempt to define a phenomenon as complex as the culture with only two layers proved a great challenge and the "onion" model has emerged. Geert Hofstede (1991) has a series of four layers, each of which also the lower level, or is the result of the lower level. According to this view, "culture" isLike an onion, which are deducted, you can layer to layer to reveal the contents. Hofstede sees culture as "the collective programming of the mind which distinguishes the members of a group or category of people from one another."

Cross-cultural dimensions of analysis are often sites' such as orientation to time, space, communication, competitiveness, energy, etc., free pairs of attributes and different cultures are positioned in a continuum between them.

Hofstede dimensionsdistinguish between cultures

The five dimensions of Hofstede used to be a distinction between the national cultures:

Power distance that the extent to which members of society to accept, how power is distributed unequally, that the company measures.
Individualism tells how people make themselves and their immediate family members only, in contrast to collectivism, where people are in groups (families, clans orOrganizations) who are looking after them in exchange for their loyalty.
The dominant values of masculinity, are focusing on power and material success to those of femininity, which contrasted with focusing on the care of other life.
U ncertainty avoidance measures are the extent to which people feel threatened by uncertainty and ambiguity and try to avoid these situations.
Confucian dynamism. ThisLong-term orientation versus short-term measure to promote the virtues associated with the past, ie, respect for tradition, the importance of face and thrift.

Trompenaars dimensions to distinguish between cultures
Trompenaars and Hampden-Turner (1997) adopt a similar onion-like model of culture. However, their model is building the central level, the very simple two-layer model instead of the outer layer. In their view,Culture is of fundamental assumptions exist in the core level. These "basic assumptions" are somewhat similar to "values" in the Hofstede model.

Trompenaars and Charles Hampden-Turner are using seven dimensions for their model of culture:

(Universalism vs. particularism, which is more important – rules or relationships?)
Individualism vs. Communitarianism (we function in a group or as individuals?)
Neutral vs. Emotional (weDisplay our emotions or keep them at bay?)
(Specific vs. Diffuse how far we are involved?)
(Achievement vs. ascription, we have to prove ourselves in order to gain the status, or it is given to us just because we are a part of a structure?)
Relationship to time

Past / present / future orientatedness

Sequential vs. Synchronic time period (we do things one at a time or several things at once?)

Internal vs. external orientation (we want to control our environment or to cooperate with him?)

Criticism of current models
One of the weaknesses of cross-cultural analysis is the inability to have a tendency to crop with the concept of the nation to overcome balance. A nation state is a political unit, consisting of an autonomous state mainly by a people with a common culture, history, and inhabitsLanguage or languages. To do in real life, cultures are not strictly physical boundaries and borders as nation-states. Her expression and even core beliefs can be many permutations and combinations of these, as we do move across distances.

There is some criticism in the field that this approach is out of phase with global companies today, with transnational corporations meet the challenges of the management of global knowledge networks and multicultural project teams, interact andCross-border cooperation with new communication technologies.

Some authors like Nigel Holden (2001) suggest an alternative approach to think of the growing complexity of inter-and intra-organizational connections and recognize identities, and offers theoretical concepts and organizations of different cultures in a globalized economy.

Despite all the shortcomings and complaints encountered by Hofstede, it is very much favored by trainers andResearchers. There are two reasons for this. First, it is a wonderful and easy to use tool to quantify cultural differences, so that they can be discussed. Discussing and debating differences is indeed the most important method of training and learning. Second, Hofstede, IBM Research was conducted at work, Hofstede Tools brings cross-cultural analysis closer to the business side of the workplace, away from anthropology, which is a matter for universities.

Bibliographyand suggested reading:

Dawkins, Richard (1976). The Selfish Gene. Oxford University Press
French, WL and CH Bell (1979). Organizational development. New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
Hofstede, Geert, "Cultures and Organizations: Software of the Mind", 1997
Holden, Nigel 2001, Cross-Cultural Management: A Knowledge Management Perspective, Financial Times Management

34. Why do most traders lose money, and the solution

November 29, 2009

Factor, what they will do after it in a trade in their commercial messages, and how well they stick to their trade management plan as soon as they are in the trade. For the few who manage to get money, by far the most important aspect of trade, the vast majority of these people do not understand the important role played by psychology in money management or who are about all their feelings to channel work correct when trading. So in this series …

How to Get Rid of Stress – Stress Management Strategies

November 29, 2009

Do you feel that you are about to lose control of them and that the condition will be provided to you bear?

You may need to look at some ways to get rid of stress and coping some successful strategies that will help you out of the jungle alive! I know because I was there, but that's another story.

So what you need in order to be able to emphasize this, that everyone (including children Speaks!) Today manage! Stress management is theAbility to maintain control when situations, people and events overwhelm. It is to identify, isolate and fix bugs, what you do. What you need to do is a set of skills to collect tools and techniques that will help you manage and even the negative effects of stress. Develop a thick skin. The bottom line is the stress-management, "I frequently get". Luckily, stress management is largely trainable ability. Developing strategiesDealing with stress, gain in importance as we realize the need to deal with the "wear" that our bodies do, under the effect of stress. Prolonged exposure to stress and anxiety will affect your health negatively in the long term.

Stress management strategies

Strategies of stress management will be met according to the theoretical paradigm, but may include some of the following: autogenic training, cognitive therapy, conflictResolution, movement, meditation, progressive relaxation, and sexual intercourse. Keeping a diary is a way to better understand your thought patterns, examining your beliefs and attitudes, resiliency and stress. Some techniques of time management can help a person, the anxiety and stress control. Stress management encompasses techniques intended to equip a person with effective coping mechanisms for dealing with psychological stress, with stress in the sense of a persontrigger a physiologic response to an internal or external stimuli that the fight-or-flight response. Learn a few stress management strategies to help you in reducing the burden to a level you can comfortably live with to help. Some of the best available techniques include breathing exercises, stress management and relaxation techniques pictures.

If you are looking to escape from the stress of the jungle, you should remember that learning by simply are a few simple strategies to apply when youunder pressure, will help enormously. If you can not face another manual on how to manage your stress too radical, then you need with a little helping hand for you. Nothing wrong with that and while you are taking the natural healing described below, you can begin to change the things that rationally in a calm address!

What is a Lean Management Audit?

November 29, 2009

The Lean Management Audit is a structured collection of knowledge and evaluation activities of your company's vision and strategy to plan their development and their annual policy. Auditors will work within this framework, to ensure that your performance improvement program is headed in the right direction. The test should consist of a series of interviews to be conducted at different organizational levels depending on the size and complexity of your business. The audit teamhas to assess the current status in all major areas and checkpoints in the work unit level.

The Lean Management Audit has three basic stages:

Site visit, the plants or individual units of work
Analysis, scoring and short-term regulation


The preparatory phase of the Lean Management Audit begins with reporting and analysis. At each stage of the workshop on the management level, the audit team should regularly reviewongoing operations as well as the entire work environment. As part of regular reporting and analysis, the Lean Management Audit should be no surprise, manager, or the appropriate entity being reviewed.

The site visit

The site visit is the plant or unit chance to watch his daily show and operating conditions of the auditor, to ask more specific questions, and note that more ideas can be broadly implemented. During a site visit, the auditTeam has a chance to see firsthand what is the current state in key areas and control of lean management. Usually a full day for a whole plant is scheduled to visit. If the device, the diagnosis is a department or work area, the visit may be shorter. The audit team determines the length of the visit and prepares an agenda that will be covered, taking into account the soil, and also monitored the depth of the survey.

As they tour the workplace and to hear presentations, members of thethe audit team must listen and watch attentively. In order to focus their thoughts, they should use a prepared scoring aid

Analysis, scoring, and Short-Term Prescription

Immediately after the site visit, the audit team meets generally spend with the management team to a first feedback and comments. The team, what they have observed and explained the understanding of processes and procedures. The audit team leaves the facility and write a report on the basis of threeBasic elements: Strategic Framework, the basic structure and organizational strength

Lessons Learned from the Trenches – 1

November 29, 2009

Laura Moore presents .. … Knowledge Management Institute km

Warehouse Management

November 28, 2009

Warehouse management is the technique of monitoring the receipt, handling, storage, transport, packaging and distribution of materials in and around the camp. They deal in finished and include features such as cross-reference lists and warehouse master records. On the other hand, there are other tasks such as the distribution of goods, transfer in progress, the security of the camps, the labor force statistics by location, and security has maneuvered through the hall> Management. Appointed to all the above functions, a warehouse manager is required to monitor the recording and monitoring of deliveries and pickups to give a report on the tracking systems, loading and unloading supplies and other materials. Of all the tasks, the distribution of the necessary inventory required to place is the most important task at precise times of the storage administrator.

Warehouse managers must have adequate knowledge of the inventory policies and Control, storage, material storage, loading and unloading techniques, and mathematical knowledge. Warehouse management is an essential component of effective distribution and deals in chain-management system solutions. Today, the term warehouse management also deals in accounting systems, transportation management, optics, manufacturing and order – apart from the traditional role of storage and delivery . Warehouse> Management Systems (WMS) to support the accuracy by reducing the cost of labor and a greater ability to increase serve consumers.

Reduce WMS, not serve, however, greater storage capacity or inventory, and can not be at the leading factors such as demand variability and oriented batch sizing guide accessed times. Several companies have developed, created in the area of warehouse management software for the development of solutions that production and distributionIndustries.

Several guidelines for the warehouse management are also available on the Internet. These pages are dedicated to understand the explanation of the concept of inventory management and makes customers as well as storage owners, the growing demand for them. Advanced functions of warehouse management systems are discussed with apt illustrations and case studies for a better understanding of the customer. WMS software can be downloaded eitherfree or at a minimal cost of certain websites, so simply adopting the latest management tool to facilitate.

SMASHED NAIL SISTER – Geroi @ Johvi2006

November 28, 2009

Big Silence as well as many other local and foreign. Style: Modern Alternative Metal The band: Mikael – lead vocal Denny A Shelley – guitar, back vocals, programming Andrew Who – Guitar increasing sales – bass guitar Bigroma – drums and percussion Website: E-Mail Management @ snsmusic . net Tel: +372 524 5081 (Management, booking band) Andrew (English, Estonian, Russian) … Smashed Nail Sister Estonia Metal Alternative Static Korn Linkin Park Music Russian Tallinn Sugar Free Sugar…