Different Approaches for Environmental Management

The term EMS or Environmental Management System, is very loose, and many of these approaches are not used included a system.

All EMS programs start with some form of eco-audits and this is an important first step, but knowing what is wrong and do something about it are two different things. There is no reason why, with appropriate tools and guidance, the company did not, should start examining the environmental impacts themselves. They know more about theirCompanies than any other, but they need to do to close her eyes to practices that show they pose has never been implemented, an environmental impact assessment. You need a very systematic approach to work and so with their eyes open.

Once a test in place and they understand the problems, an examination alone is not effective – it only identified problems. The next step is to establish an environmental management plan (EMP), which we hope the analysis of the risks of developing the test has been determined by the baseResults. An environmental management system plan still does not necessarily lead to good environmental management, because there is no feedback loop. It is so easy to leave things until tomorrow that never comes.

It is an internationally accepted approach to risk analysis in accordance with AS / NZS 4360: 2004 and this is the right approach to follow. Some people take a "risk" from the air and decide that it is a low risk activity and the other end of this spectrumby some researchers, the decision that the provision of environmental risks shown for an industry that is a wonderful opportunity to apply for research funding. The mean approach based on a realistic assessment of the likelihood and consequence, both within individual companies is the approach that is internationally recognized. The difficulty with an industry-wide approach is that the actual probability and consequence of significant differences between firms within the same industry.

There is aBig push, especially by some regulatory authorities for Codes of Practice (COP) and / or Best Management Practices. Again, there is no feedback to try to write in. Some people, a code of conduct before the start of its EMS, but need to build the audit, risk analysis and plan in the first place. The Code of Conduct can be very useful as a starting point for others, if it has an audit and risk analysis was.

Government Agencies often also Codes of Practice on industrieswithout consultation with the industry. The kingfish farmers in South Australia developed their own code of conduct and then both PIRSA (Primary Industries and Resources SA) and the EPA (Environment Protection Agency) led the other, so that they now have three. Interestingly, all three are very different. The industry code for most of the other two, but PIRSA and the EPA codes that overlap poorly developed. Neither was identified based on cooperation with industry to address the real problems, and everyperformed on the basis of government matters.

An imposed code of practice can not really consider how the companies operate, specific to their situation. It is introducing a solution that is not appropriate. It seems to me that the reason for the code of practice 'the very real need to ensure that industry behaves legally and does not cause environmental damage. A summary of the legislation, which applies to the enterprise application, noting the areas where the Regulators have the most impactconcern, would in fact be more useful than a code of practice, because it raises the awareness of legislative business at the same time to find the best solution for the problems.

There are often calls for enhanced community monitoring of environmental outcomes. Monitoring is a great tool as long as it flows changed again in action when there is a problem. Monitoring for / from an external organization is not necessarily a change in the management and continuedImprovement. Government Agency supervision, written with long accounts of "science talk" 18 months later, changed not feed back into practice. A fax or similar, the day there is a problem would allow a change in the activity. The lengthy reports are usually only in areas of a shelf with little influence on management practices to stop. Monitoring is, in fact, a tool that most companies use internally to monitor their operations. Unfortunately, many of the public have no confidence in the industry to monitortheir own results. A classic example is the fish. Operators quickly learn if they do not already know that clean water is for the cultivation of healthy fish is essential, and they are hardly soiled to clean water, so important for them.

Most of the so-called Environmental Management Systems, we have discussed above no SYSTEM – they're just EM. For EMS work well it needs a system with feedback to the plan or code of practice will ensureconducted and occurring on continuous improvement. The system must also document the procedures and duty statements, training of workers in the environmental and other implications of their work, incident reporting, corrective action and feedback, and emergency training. This can be kept slim avoid the overhead and maintaining the slimline is the key to the good it work.

The International Standard ISO 14001 Environmental Management begins with an examination using adetermine risk-based approach, the effects are significant, identify compliance with legal requirements and then builds the system to take the plan to work. It includes emergency planning, continuous improvement of internal audit and management review.

Some people who do not understand the system concerns that they do not achieve basic standards for the industry, before expressed that accredited. This is quite wrong, in fact, because the ISO 14001 standard includes aRequirement to identify and periodically review legislative and regulatory compliance. Thus, the basic standard is the environmental and other rules and regulations that exist.

The role of certification

Certification creates an additional hardship and feedback to the environmental management system. It ensures that tomorrow (in the form of an auditor) is really on time. Auditors provide a valuable service by providing a lot of experience and afresh pair of eyes, a business and can give very useful feedback. An independent external auditor, may contribute to a company to ensure that they take due care. A third party audited system provides greater security for both the regulators and the markets. The auditor shall be paid in order to provide a valuable service, and they should be approached in this way. Also work with an examiner may also be a great learning experience. You can not advise, but they can be advised to ask questions and extremelyhelpful.

Some organizations talk about setting up their own local or industry standards. This is a big mistake, because the establishment of a standard is very expensive and if companies make the commitment to be certified, should have worldwide recognition.

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